Mr. Igor Ivanov
Former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Russia
Igor S. Ivanov is President of the Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC) and Professor at Moscow State Institute of International Relations. Previously, he served as Minister of Foreign Affair, from 1998 to 2004, and Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation, from 2004 to 2007.Minister Ivanov holds the rank of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary. He took part in the work of several U.N. General Assembly sessions, many international conferences, and in particular, co-chaired the Bosnia settlement talk in Dayton, Ohio. From 1991 to 1993, he represented the USSR and then Russia as Ambassador to Spain. He has also worked as a researcher at the Institute of World Economy and International Relations, USSR Academy of Sciences. He has published a number of books and articles on the history of Russian foreign affairs and foreign policy. He serves on a number of the board of directors, including the Nuclear Threat Initiative, United Nations Foundation, and Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe. He is the Advisor of the Institute of Modern International Relations of Tsinghua University. Igor S. Ivanov has a Ph.D. in history and is a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Mr. Alejandro Toledo
Former President of Peru
Dr. Alejandro Toledo was democratically elected as the President of Peru in 2001.During his five-year term, the central aim of Toledo’s presidency was the fight against poverty through investment in healthcare and education. As a result of sustained economic growth and deliberate social policies directed to the poorest of the poor, extreme poverty was reduced by 25% in five years, and employment rose at an average rate of 6% from 2004-2006. From 2001-2006, the Peruvian economy grew at an average rate of 6-7.5%, making it one of the fastest growing economies in Latin America. He is one of the most prominent democratic leaders of Latin America and now globally. Dr. Toledo is the first Latin American president of indigenous descent to be democratically elected in five hundred years. After finishing his term as President, Dr. Toledo returned to Stanford for three years, where he was a Distinguished Fellow in Residence at the University’s Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, and also a Payne Distinguished Visiting Lecturer at the Freeman Spogli Institute’s Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law. Simultaneously, Dr. Toledo founded and continues to serve as the President of the Global Center for Development and Democracy (www.cgdd.org), which is based in Latin America, the United States, and the European Union. In 2009-2010 Dr. Toledo was a Distinguished Visiting Scholar at the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University in Washington, D.C.,N and also a Non-Resident Senior Fellow in Foreign Policy and Global Economy and Development at the Brookings Institution in Washington DC.